All states have some elements of graduated licensing. The idea is to force teens to practice their driving with older supervisors before they are allowed to get their driver’s license and drive unsupervised.
Graduated license program
Since this program was introduced into Arizona, the number of fatal accidents involving sixteen-year-old drivers has reduced by 20%. Looking at the age range from 16 through 18, the reduction has been 11%. Hence, among parents, the program has been considered a great success. Research carried out by the John Hopkins School of Medicine has concluded that the more comprehensive the restriction on younger drivers, the higher the percentage of teens surviving crashes.
The teen must be at least 15 years, six months to apply for the permit. The application must be supported by a parent or legal guardian. There is a written test to pass and the teen must prove a minimum level of eyesight. With the permit, the teen can then drive with a licensed driver aged at least 21 years supervising from the front seat. High schools and driving schools run both classroom and behind-the-wheel courses.
At the age of 16, the teen can apply for a driver’s license once the permit has been held for six months or more. This depends on there being evidence that the driver has completed not less than twenty hours behind-the-wheel training during daylight hours, and ten hours driving training at night. The teen can only drive between midnight and 5 am if there is a parent sitting in the front seat to supervise, or driving to or from a school or religious activity, or there is a family emergency. Teens are eligible for a Class D license at the age of 18 years. This allows them to operate any noncommercial car or truck.
The Safe Teen Accident Reduction Training
This is a program run by the Tucson Police Department for all aged between 16 and 19. With TPD driving instructors, teens learn defensive driving techniques, handling the vehicle in a skid, and so on. Successfully completing the course is taken as a sign of a higher level of skill and a lower level of risk. Car insurance companies react by giving discounts when young drivers produce evidence of completion. This discount is in addition to the standard discounts for completing education courses at school and behind-the-wheel courses run by approved driving schools. Given the high annual car insurance rates charged to teen drivers, earning these discounts and maintaining a good GPA are essential steps to accessing more affordable rates.